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FAQ - Frequently asked questions

about the Cactus2000 conjugation tables (French)

Type the verb or adjective (conjugated or declined forms are possible).
See also: Determination of forms and more search functions.

Abbreviations

Acomposé-forms are conjugated with avoir
(only when the verb is conjugated with être also)
Afr the verb is common in Africa
Belg the verb is common in Belgium
Can the verb is common in Canada
CH the verb is common in Switzerland
chemchemistry
déf"verbe défectif" = not all forms of the verb are in use
Êcomposé-forms are conjugated with être
fam"familial": colloquial language
imp"verbe impersonnel" = only used in the 3. person singular
infinformatics
intrintransitive
jurlaw
marnautical
medmedicine
musmusic
pr"verbe pronominal": the verb is only used with reflexive pronouns
or the translation is valid for reflexive used verbs
techntechnics
trtransitive

General questions

How to type special French letters ?

In the case that your keyboard does not contain special French letters (é. è, à â, ..., ë, ...) you may use the corresponding simple letters instead: é -> e, â -> a, ï -> i etc.

Is capitalization important ?

The input for searching tables or conjugated forms may be done with upper case and lower case letters.

Why are not all verbs translated ?

It is not intended that the conjugation tables are used as a substitute for a dictionary. Instead, it is assumed, that the user knows the basics of French grammar and the translation of the verbs he wants to conjugate. (Therefore, the names of the tenses are also given in French only.) Nevertheless, we have given the translation of some verbs. However, the use of a dictionary is recommended. It should also be more comprehensive concerning multiple meanings of a verb than a conjugation table with translations could be.

How to analyze a conjugated expression ?

Type the complete expression you want to analyze into the corresponding input field (pink). Then click the button "Form". The following will be displayed for all found forms (input of the example: "j'avais cherché"):

explanation output
name of the form indicatif plus-que-parfait actif, 1. pers. sing.
infinitive of the verb with link to the conjugation table chercher [tr]
complete expression j'avais cherché

Must the input expression be complete ?

The search for conjugation forms only finds expressions that are given completely (as written in the conjugation tables). However, the input of the personal pronoun and a reflexive pronoun is optional. It is not allowed that the input expression contains additional words. The subject of a sentence may be replaced by the personal pronoun or must be omitted. Pay attention to correct spelling.
Here is an example:

Sentence L'homme avait cherché un livre.
Correct input il avait cherché
avait cherche
Wrong input il cherch
homme avait cherché

Must the input expression contain personal pronouns ?

Expressions you want to analyze must be typed in completely. Only personal pronouns may be omitted. However, when you give a personal pronoun, the choice of found forms often is smaller.

Must the input expression contain reflexive pronouns ?

Of verbs with pronominal forms only, the pronominal form is always found, even when you have not given a reflexive pronoun. Also, verbs without pronominal forms are found, even when you have given a (wrong) reflexive pronoun. If the verb is conjugated in the active as well as in the pronominal form, the pronominal form is only found when you give a reflexive pronoun. The link to the conjugation table in the output is pointing to the active form, however.

Examples:

InputOutputFormExplanation
il enquitil/elle s'enquitindicatif passé simple pronominal, 3. pers. sing.pronominal form only
je me viensje viensindicatif présent actif, 1. pers. sing.no pronominal form
il laveil/elle laveindicatif présent actif, 3. pers. sing.both forms possible
il se laveil/elle se lavesubjonctif présent pronominal, 3. pers. sing.

Is the order of words in the input expression important ?

When a conjugated expression contains several words, the order on input is not important.

How to search for a conjugation table ?

To search for a conjugation table type the infinitive of the verb or a short sequence of letters from the infinitive (minimum four) into the corresponding input field (light blue). The more letters you type, the smaller the choice of found verbs will be. Afterwards click on the button "Table". You receive a list with links to the conjugation tables of all verbs that contain the input sequence of letters.


 

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    Bernd Krüger, 2019
    Cactus2000